KWBlog

Keyboard

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I have become a keyboard nerd, apparently. Not that I wasn't already, I guess, but I've just taken it to a different level. What happened is one of my friends and coworkers recently built a mechanical keyboard, which then flaked out due to cheap parts, so he bought a Vortex Pok3r 60% Mechanical board.

Vortex Poker Keyboard

If I was aware of boards like this before, I'd never taken them seriously. But when my friend got into it I took notice. And, wow, there's a whole freaking world out there!

Turns out, there's a bunch of dimensions to keyboards these days, each rich with options:

When I got into this I was on my second Microsoft Natural Ergonomic Keyboard 4000, which I have always loved. It is comfortable. But mine was getting old, and typing on it was starting to feel more like fighting with it. I don't know why exactly, perhaps the membrane is starting to wear in ways that just make the key presses feel unreliable, which has led me to really pound the crap out of the keys to make sure I'm being heard.

As I started learning about this stuff I quickly realized it was going to require some hands on experience so after getting an initial sense of what to expect, I went to MicroCenter and I came home with three boards to try:

MicroCenter keyboards

I decided to start out with the "10-key less" layout, which is a regular keyboard layout minus the number pad. Starting here meant I could actually try some boards at big box stores.

Then it was all about the switches!

Initially my thinking was I wanted the "fastest" possible typing experience, which, from what I read, meant I'd want linear switches not tactile switches. Linear switches have smooth travel all the way to the bottom while tactile switches have a little extra bump in the middle. Gamers tend to like linear switches, seemingly because they think they are faster, while the conventional wisdom is that tactile switches are better for typing. The third switch classification is "clicky" which are tactile and have an audible click, I had zero interest in this, both because I work in an office and because I think it sounds terrible. But, most of the conventional wisdom in this product space is coming from gamers and is about gaming, even if that isn't explicitly stated. I'm NOT going to be using this board for gaming, I'm going to use it for programming. Which is more like regular typing than gaming, but also different. So it was difficult to find much advice I felt I could really rely on. So that said, here's what I thought about these three boards.

I loved the Huntsman. I liked the look, I liked the shape and texture of the keycaps, I liked the font on the keycaps. Aesthetically it was great. Also, I liked how insanely fast the keys are. But it is very loud. And the keys are insanely sensitive. I had a coworker try it, and he was accidentally hitting keys just by positioning his fingers over the keys, that's how sensitive it is. I was able to type on it, but I had to be outrageously careful and I had a higher error rate than normal. So that crossed it off the list.

Aesthetically, I really didn't like the Logitech Pro. But, I totally liked the feel of its switches. They were a tiny bit tactile, but they had early actuation, they felt fast, and they just felt familiar and nice. In hindsight I suppose that's because they were the most similar in feel to rubber dome keyboards (normal non-mechanical style boards) of the ones I tried.

Finally, the Cooler Master, which I very much thought was what I'd end up sticking with. Very nice looking, and the Cherry Red switches really grew on me the longer I used them. They had the longest actuation travel of the three, which I felt was noticeable, but I don't think it actually made my typing any slower, which ended up being an important observation.

At this point, I'm liking the CM board overall, but there's something about the Logitech switches I prefer. Maybe it's that they are tactile? So I head back to MicroCenter to return the two I've ruled out, I'll try some Cherry Browns (tactile) while I'm there, but I'm fully expecting to come home with the CM still.

But that's not what happens. As soon I try out the Browns, which the first time I went I didn't like, I immediately realize tactile is better. But I don't really love the Browns. So, I return all 3 boards and now I'm going to have no choice but to go outside the big box stores and get into the deeper ranks of switches.

So, I start gathering data and I make a table:

Name Type Actuation Travel Force Life
Razer Linear Optical Red Linear 1.0mm ? 40 100M
Logitech Romer G Tactile Tactile 1.5mm 3.2mm 45gf 70M
Cherry Red Linear 2mm 4mm 45 50M
Cherry Speed Silver Linear 1.2mm 3.4mm 45 50M
Kailh Speed Copper Tactile 1.1mm 3.6mm 45/30 70M
Kailh BOX Brown Tactile 1.8mm 3.6mm 45 80M
Kailh Pro Purple Tactile 1.7mm 3.6mm 50 70M
Kailh Speed Silver Linear 1.3mm 3.5mm 27
Cherry Silent Red Linear 1.9mm 3.7mm 45 50M
Cherry Brown Tactile 2mm 4mm 45/37 50M
Razer Orange Tactile 1.9mm 4mm 55 80M
Gateron Silent Brown Tactile 2mm 4mm 45 50M
Gateron Brown Tactile 2mm 4mm 55 50M
Toper Tactile 2mm 4mm 30-55
Cherry Clear Tactile 2mm 4mm 65
Halo/Hako Clear Tactile 1.95mm 3.6mm 65/50/78 80M
Halo/Hako True Tactile 1.9mm 3.6mm 60/52/100 80M
Hako Violet Tactile
Outemu Ice Light Purple Tactile
Purple Zealios Tactile

Now, my experience so far is that I like tactility, and I think I like it because it provides almost subliminal feedback that a keypress has happened ("actuation"). And importantly, on a mechanical switch, the keypress is registered BEFORE you hit the bottom. In fact, as you can see in the table above, it's generally somewhere in the middle. So if the total travel in 4mm, the actuation is around 2mm. That last 2mm of travel then isn't doing anything, the keypress has already happened. So if I want to type quickly and softly (both in terms of volume and finger pressure), then I want to learn to not push the key all the way down ("bottoming out"), and instead feel that tactile feedback and turn around.

Is this a ridiculous level of analysis for something as mundane as typing? Probably, but that's what has turned this into a hobby now!

My question at this point was, is that little tactile bump enough feedback to actually do this, especially after I've been smashing on my rubber dome keys for so many years? And this line of thought ultimately led me to the Hako Trues. These switches have a tactile bump at 1.9mm, and travel to 3.6mm. But, the amount of force required to push the key down ramps WAY UP after the tactile bump from 52gf to 100gf. So not only do you get the tactile feedback, you also get the feedback of the key getting harder and harder to press. So, my hope is, this will help to train me to not bottom out the keys.

However, this was also a RADICAL departure from another metric I'd been assuming would be important for typing speed which was the force required to actuate the key. On the Logitech Romer G's for example, that was 45gf, on the Hako True's it's 60gf! That is a significant and noticeable difference.

I'd have been VERY concerned about this, but fortunately for me my friend with the Vortex Pok3r had Cherry Clear switches on it, which also actuate at 60gf, and he let me try it out, and I was quite happy to find they didn't feel slow at all.

I really dig the idea of the Hako Trues as trainer switches to help me learn to type better. Quick aside, this is sort of what I did when I started running 5 or 6 years ago. My first pair of real running shoes were Newton Distances. Newton's have this "lug" in the midfoot that compresses when you land and springs back when you lift off. Its supposed to return energy and make your stride more efficient, I'm sure that's total nonsense, but what it does do is really encourage you to land on your midfoot. So it was a great trainer shoe to help me learn to run better. I don't run in them anymore, I've been running in Hoka's lately, but they were a great starter shoe.

So I'm really interested in trying out the Hako Trues, but how? First off, I don't think I can find a board that ships with them installed, and even if I could, if I didn't like them I'd be dealing with return fees and return shipping, and that's just no fun at all. One option is keyboards that have hot swap-able sockets for the switches, so you can change them out. And as fortune would have it Drop started selling the Drop CTRL keyboard with hot swap-able switches! And its a low profile board (the case, not the caps) like the CM and Razer were too, so I like it's look.

So that's what I did: Drop CTRL Keyboard

That's my new Drop CTRL with Hako True switches and Ducky Good in Blue keycaps. So far, I like it. I still have to remind myself to not bottom out the keys. And when I forget, it does feel like a lot of work to type on. But when I remember, it feels light and fast, like just whispering over the keys. Its been a little over 2 weeks since I got it and plugged it all together now. I'm getting more and more used to it, and I'll give it at least another 2 weeks before I do anymore tweaks. But, that said, I think I'll probably go back to that table of switches and look into getting some switches with VERY low actuation force, like maybe the Kailh Speed Silvers, to use for the modifier keys. Especially for left Shift and Ctrl. Holding those down with my left pinky finger at 100gf IS hard. Because when you are pressing and holding a key in order to type a shortcut key "chord" (like ctrl+s, or ctrl+shift+f5) you pretty much have to bottom it out. And that's the beauty of a hot swap-able board, I can mix and match!

This board uses QMK firmware, which is rumored to be very good. I haven't done much with it yet. The only thing I can say is it is annoying to customize the RGB lighting on it. You have to:

  1. Use the web based software to pick and set a color
  2. Download the compiled firmware file
  3. Run an .exe to flash the firmware on the board
  4. See that the color on the board doesn't look at all like the color on the screen, go back to step 1

That's annoying enough that I haven't bothered to really dial in a nice looking color to go with the CAPS. And since I really don't care about the lighting or the aesthetics that much, I may never bother.

One last note, I was concerned about moving away from the split ergonomic layouts. I've been typing on a split keyboard since high school! But I never had any actual typing related pain, it just seemed like a good idea. So far, I've noticed that occasionally I do feel a little bit of strain in my wrists, but usually it goes away when I remember to try to type lightly and lift my palms higher over the board. Definitely something I'll be keeping an eye on though over the next few weeks of use.

Do you type on a mechanical keyboard you like? Tell me about it on twitter @kberridge.